Gestational Diabetes, Signs and Symptoms and Gestational Diabetes Test
Gestational diabetes is the type of diabetes that affect pregnant women. It affects about 4% of all pregnant women. Gestational diabetes simply means that you have a high blood glucose during pregnancy. This is why pregnant mothers are advised to undergo a test for this between the 24th and 28th weeks of the pregnancy. High blood glucose during pregnancy is dangerous to both you and the baby.
Signs and symptoms
Gestational diabetes does not show symptoms which can be noticed. The reason is because it is diagnosed from screening tests, usually before symptoms develop.
However, one may develop the following symptoms if the disease is not treated :
• Feeling thirst more often.
• Infections which affect the urinary tract.
• Increased urination.
• Feeling hungry, more than often.
• Having a Blurred vision.
However, the above symptoms are not always as a result of diabetes. If you develop any one of them, consider seeing your doctor.
Gestation diabetes test
Pregnant women are encouraged to undergo a gestational diabetes test between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy.
The first method for doing this test is carried out in two steps. The person is given a liquid containing 50 grams of glucose. Blood sample is taken from this person after 1 hour for testing. If no much sugar is found is found in this blood sample, the person does not have gestational diabetes. If much sugar is found in this blood, the person will have to undergo a second test, called oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT).
With OGTT, you are restricted from eating for a period of 8 hours before the test is carried out. You are then given a liquid containing 100 grams of glucose to drink. After 3 hours, a blood sample is taken from you. If much sugar is found in your blood, then you have gestational diabetes, if not, then you don’t have.
Some medical experts avoid this two step method. You are restricted from eating for at least 8 hours before the test. After these hours, you are given a liquid containing 75 grams of glucose to drink. Blood sample is taken from you 1 and 2 hours later for testing. If much sugar is found in your blood, then you have gestational diabetes, if not, then you don’t have gestational diabetes.