Type 1 Diabetes Treatment and Type 2 Diabetes Treatment
In order to treat diabetes, it’s important to determine the type of diabetes first. There are two types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. After doing that, it can now be easier to find the most appropriate treatment regimen.
Type 1 Diabetes Treatment
In type 1 diabetes, the insulin-secreting cells are abnormal in the sense that they don’t secrete insulin, a hormone that lowers blood glucose back to normal. This type of diabetes is in about 10% of the human population suffering from diabetes. It’s unfortunate that this type of diabetes has no cure. It is chronic.
However, there are many treatment strategies. To begin with, taking of insulin to maintain the sugar levels within the normal limits is key. Once the sugar levels rise beyond the upper normal limit, insulin should be administered. On the same line, there are different forms of insulin, like rapid-acting and long-acting insulin among others. Any form of insulin or additional medications like pramlintide should be well prescribed by a health care professional.
Furthermore, foods rich in sugars should have alterations before consumption. Individuals suffering from diabetes should eat a well-balanced diet regarding the disease. Frequent monitoring of blood glucose is important in the treatment. That alone can help in diagnosing an early deviation fro the normal. Thereafter, an appropriate intervention can be taken early enough to return to normal. Lastly, regular exercises, in addition to maintaining a healthy weight is key in the treatment of diabetes. Any patient of diabetes plus many other people should do regular physical exercises for an appropriate duration that should not go below 30 minutes.
Type 2 Diabetes Treatment
In this type of diabetes, the insulin-secreting cells secrete inadequate properly functioning insulin, or the body cells are resistant to the available insulin. This diabetes type is very common in the population. It accounts for about 90% of patients suffering from diabetes. Just like type 1 diabetes, this type of diabetes has no cure as well. Treatment is more or less the same as type 1.
For instance, patients can receive insulin therapy in the treatment. Eating a healthy diabetes balanced diet, monitoring blood glucose and doing regular physical exercises are both important in the treatment, the way they are in type 1 diabetes.
However, type 2 diabetes has unique medications that are in use. Among others is metformin, a drug that improves sensitivity of body cells to insulin, therefore reducing insulin resistance. It also reduces the rate of sugar production by the liver.
Thiazolidinediones medications also work like metformin in increasing sensitivity of body tissues to insulin. Sulfonylureas and meglitinides are other groups of medications used in type 2 diabetes. They stimulate pancreatic cells to secrete insulin. Examples of sulfonylureas are glipizide and glyburide. Therefore, type 2 diabetes has many medications, which a few are in this article.
Note: However, much we say that all the types of diabetes have no cure, some like type one can have a cure. That can be achievable if there is a successful transplant of the pancreas, something that is rare to achieve.